Key Research

Do African American Adolescents Internalize Direct Online Discrimination? Moderating Effects of Vicarious Online Discrimination, Parental Technological Attitudes, and Racial Identity Centrality

Key Takeaways:

  • Association between adolescents’ direct online discrimination and internalized computing stereotypes was found
  • Understanding the impact of media on adolescents’ online experiences from intersectional and systemic perspectives


LiveMore ScreenLess’ Summary

Adolescents in African American communities use digital media more regularly, which may expose them to more direct online discrimination based on their racial and gender identities. Considering the well-documented effects of offline racism, our understanding of whether and how to address online discrimination affects African American youth is very poor.

Researchers investigated the relationship between explicit online discrimination and internalized computer stereotypes in African American adolescents under the direction of intersectional and ecological frameworks. Also looked at was how racial identity centrality, parental technology attitudes, and vicarious online discrimination could have a moderating effect on this association by adolescent gender. A positive correlation between adolescents’ direct online discrimination and internalized computer stereotypes was found using data from 1041 African American parent-adolescent pairs. Surprisingly, higher online vicarious discrimination for both male and female adolescents reduced this connection.

Tao, C., & Scott, K. A. (2021). Do African American adolescents internalize direct online discrimination? Moderating effects of vicarious online discrimination, parental technological attitudes, and racial identity centrality. Frontiers in Psychology.

Topics: Equity , Racial Discrimination

Year: 2022

Participants:  1041 African American parent-adolescent dyads