Key Research

Prevalence and Likelihood of Meeting Sleep, Physical Activity, and Screen-Time Guidelines Among US Youth

Key Takeaways:

  • Only 5% of young people in a six year study met guidelines for combination of sleep, exercise, and screen time
  • Young people who have a history of depression, substance use, or are non-white have a harder time meeting the guidelines
  • Positive behavior changes needed in all three areas together; one is not enough


LiveMore ScreenLess’ Summary

How many young people in the U.S. actually get enough sleep, exercise and limit their screen use to less than two hours per day? Data from four nation-wide school-based surveys (2011–2017) was analyzed to answer this question. Of the 59,397 adolescents surveyed, only 5% met all three guidelines.

Certain individuals may face greater odds of meeting these recommendations. The study uncovered numerous disparities:

  • 16- and 17-year-olds were less likely than those aged 14 and younger to meet all the guidelines
  • Black, Hispanic/Latino and Asian participants were less likely to meet the three guidelines than white participants
  • overweight and obese participants were less likely to meet the guidelines than normal weight participants
  • participants who reported marijuana use were less likely to meet the guidelines than those who did not
  • participants who reported depressive symptoms were also less likely to meet all three guidelines

Topics: Cognitive Development , Mental Health , Physical Health , Sleep

Year: 2019

Hosting University: University of Texas

Participants: 59,397 participants

Data Collection: Cross-sectional data from 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 cycles of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey